Cancer, an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of the cells that make up living things. It is a fact that cancer can affect to anyone, male, or female, in any various age of groups. It is because every living things had already a cancer cell. It only needs various causes, and risk factors to trigger the cells to grow rapidly and sporadic. Various causes and risk factors has also been frequently discussed among scientist.
However, it is almost impossible to prove what caused cancer in a person, and what was the trigger. Because cancers have several possible causes. For example, a simple thrush (a yeast infection in the mucus membrane lining of mouth and tongue) can lead to an oral cancer (a cancer form in any part of the mouth, or throat).
According to MedlinePlus, anyone can get oral cancer. Male, aged over 40 years, a smoker and an alcoholic has high risk of oral cancer. Symptoms of oral cancer include:
- White, or red patches in mouth.
- A sore that would not heal in mouth.
- A mouth bleeding.
- A loose teeth.
- A swallowing problems or pain.
- A lump in neck.
- An earache.
From two oral cancer cases that I heard, my uncle's neighbour, a non smoker male aged 34 years old, and my friend's wife, a non smoker aged 30 years old. Both of them were lost in the battle for cancers, after diagnosed at the stage IV of oral cancer. Moreover, both of them were had a thrush that would not heal, chose to ignore it, and not went to see a physician.
About 90 to 95% of cancer cases are also caused by environmental factors. While the remaining five to ten % of cases are caused by genes. Environmental factors increase cancer risk rather than just pollution, among them:
- Cigarettes, about 25 to 30% of cases.
- Obesity, about 30 to 35% of cases.
- Infection, approximately 15 to 20% of cases.
- Radiation, both ionizing and non ionizing radiation, up to 10 % of cases.
- Stress, other factors to invite diseases. So, stay away from becoming stress by always be positive thingking.
- Lack of physical activity, this may lead to obesity.
- Environmental pollutants, by staying away from getting near a smoker is the best thing to do.
Three Ways to Minimize cancer Risk
Know Your Family History
Finding out about your own family medical history, can tell whether you have a high risk of cancer, or not. If you can find out the status of the cancer risk in your family, then you may focus on finding out about the cancer prevention.
Regular Medical Check
Early detection is very useful, and not just for cancers. Early detection will be very valuable for the successful of a treatment for diseases, or disorders. Medical check, such as colonoscopy examination, if your age is more than 50 years old.
Doing a routine pap smears for women, that generally started three years after your first sexual intercourse, or no longer than aged of 21 years. You may also doing routinely mammography after aged 40 years.
Avoid Being Obesity and Examine Your Body Mass Index (BMI) Periodically
Get used to examine your BMI periodically and keep it under the number of 25, in order to avoid being overweight. Because obesity has been considered a major risk factor for cancers, and other serious diseases. Besides, by being able to lose your weight, and doing regular exercise, can also reduce the levels of estrogen in the blood. Levels of estrogen in the blood may help reducing the risk of breast cancer.
BMI Value Categories
Image credit : DailyMed.
- Thin Category : BMI value below 19
- Ideal Category : BMI 19 to 24.9
- Fat Category : BMI 25 to 29.9
- Obesity Category : BMI value above and equal to 30
How to calculate BMI value?
To calculate the BMI value is by squaring the value of height (meters), and then the weight (kilograms) is divided by the square of height (meters).
Here for example:
A 30 years old woman weight 60 kg, with 160 cm (1.6 m) of height.
Here's how to calculate:
Squaring the height 1.6 m
=> 1.6 X 1.6 = 2.56
The weight divided by the multiplication of the heights
=> 60 : 2.56 = 23.43
The BMI value is 23.43, and she is on The Ideal Category.
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Last update: August 17, 2013